Electronic Music.
Electronica includes a wide range of
contemporary electronic music designed for a
wide range of uses, including foreground
listening, some forms of dancing, and
background music for other activities; however,
unlike electronic dance music, it is not
specifically made for dancing. The term was first
used in the United States in the early 1990s with
regards to post-rave global-influenced electronic
dance music. Genres such as techno, drum and
bass, downtempo, and ambient are among those
encompassed by the umbrella term, entering the
American mainstream from "alternative" or
"underground" venues during the late 1990s.
Prior to the adoption of electronica for this
purpose, terms such as electronic listening
music, and intelligent dance music (IDM) were
used. Electronica has grown to influence
mainstream crossover recordings. Electronic
sounds began to form the basis of a wide array
of popular music in the late 1970s, and became
key to the mainstream pop and rock sounds of
the 1980s. Since the adoption of "electronica" in
the 1990s to describe more underground music
with an electronic aesthetic, elements of modern
electronica have been adopted by many popular
artists in mainstream music. Electronic Dance
Music Culture, a contemporary subculture
centered on raves, is a global phenomenon that
has been attracting the interest of scholars
across the globe. Originating from "Acid House"
parties in Ibiza and "Psychedelic Trance" dance
parties in Goa, raves became the most dynamic
digital counterculture of the 1990s. First in
Europe, then in the US, and then all over the
world, raves have become associated with
peace-and-love idealism, community, an
embrace of technology, and psychedelic
consciousness, though they have been criticized
for their acceptance of drug usage and sexual
practices that are of questionable safety. The
music performed at most events is called
electronic dance music, or EDM.