Electronica includes a wide range of
contemporary electronic music designed
for a wide range of uses, including
foreground listening, some forms of
dancing, and background music for other
activities; however, unlike electronic
dance music, it is not specifically made
for dancing. The term was first used in
the United States in the early 1990s with
regards to post-rave global-influenced
electronic dance music. Genres such as
techno, drum and bass, downtempo, and
ambient are among those encompassed
by the umbrella term, entering the
American mainstream from "alternative"
or "underground" venues during the late
1990s. Prior to the adoption of electronica
for this purpose, terms such as electronic
listening music, and intelligent dance
music (IDM) were used. Electronica has
grown to influence mainstream crossover
recordings. Electronic sounds began to
form the basis of a wide array of popular
music in the late 1970s, and became key
to the mainstream pop and rock sounds
of the 1980s. Since the adoption of
"electronica" in the 1990s to describe
more underground music with an
electronic aesthetic, elements of modern
electronica have been adopted by many
popular artists in mainstream music.
Electronic Dance Music Culture, a
contemporary subculture centered on
raves, is a global phenomenon that has
been attracting the interest of scholars
across the globe. Originating from "Acid
House" parties in Ibiza and "Psychedelic
Trance" dance parties in Goa, raves
became the most dynamic digital
counterculture of the 1990s. First in
Europe, then in the US, and then all over
the world, raves have become associated
with peace-and-love idealism, community,
an embrace of technology, and
psychedelic consciousness, though they
have been criticized for their acceptance
of drug usage and sexual practices that
are of questionable safety. The music
performed at most events is called
electronic dance music, or EDM.
Electronic Dance Music.